ALL ABOUT BULLDOGS

Today's bulldog has a very different temperament from those of his
ancestors. Although the English Bulldog's appearance can be
somewhat intimidating, it is among the gentlest of dogs.  Strangers
will probably keep a distance because of their fierce-looking
demeanor, but friends and family will fall in love with him.  Bulldogs
are described as very affectionate, and dependable.  Bulldogs are
very much a "people" breed: A lot of human attention is required for
the breed's happiness.  Generally, the Bulldog is a quiet, even
tempered pet. He does not bounce, dig, or bark a lot. He is easy to
take care of, loyal, and will love the entire family (although he will
probably have a favorite). When Bulldogs are young, they are full of
energy, but slow down as they get older. Unfortunately, because
bulldogs are quiet and happy to lounge around in the sun all day,
people tend to think that they don't need exercise. Exercise is very
important if you want to have a happy healthy adult dog. Adults do
not require a lot of vigorous exercise -- walking your dog regularly,
and playing with them occasionally, should be sufficient. If left to their
devices, even in a very spacious yard, bulldogs will probably not run
around; they will wait for someone to come outside and play with
them.

No one could ever complete the sentence “I like a Bulldog best
because…” in twenty-five words or less- the advantages of this
breed are far too many.  A Bulldog’s good nature is as proverbial as a
Bulldog’s appearance—we almost said beauty.  It is beauty when you
get used to it, for a good Bulldog makes any other type of dog look
“wrong!”  Ask a veterinarian for his choice of the ideal dog for
children.  He’ll say, “The Bulldog is one of the gentlest”.  He never
starts a fight; he doesn’t have to.  He never gets his owner in trouble
by being aggressive, as “peace—or else” is his motto.  He assumes
that every man or dog is as friendly as he, not realizing the sobering
effect of his countenance upon both man and beast.  But let either
start anything, and it is just too bad.  The very fact that a 50 pound
Bulldog does not rush forward snarling, but comes rolling in, slowly,
silently, with an air of unflinching determination, is awesome.  
Children will fling themselves upon him, hug him breathless, pull his
ears, dress him in their play clothes—and bask in his toothy smile.  

Bulldogs love to ride in anything---train, auto, boat, or airplane, and
are rarely carsick, providing you take such simple precautions as not
feeding just before a ride.  

The Bulldog is a medium sized, smooth-coated animal whose
appearance and attitude should display stability, vigor, and strength.  
According to the Standard, the Bulldog’s disposition should be kind
and courageous, never vicious nor aggressive, and his demeanor
and expression should be dignified and peaceful.  The size for adult
males is about 50 pounds; for mature females, about 40 pounds.

Broad, sturdy, and strong, the correct Bulldog should have a low and
short legged appearance.  The shoulders are heavy and muscular,
the back short and strong, and the loin area comparatively narrow.  
The chest should be broad and deep; and the sides full, with well
rounded ribs.  The belly should be tucked up.
The Bulldog’s forelegs should be short, stout, and straight; they
should be muscular, and the calves well developed.  The forelegs
should present a bowed outline; however, the bones of the legs
should not be bandy, nor should the feet be brought to close
together.  The hind legs should also be strong, straight, and short;
and the stifles should turn outward slightly, away from the body.  
Bulldog feet should be medium-sized and compact.  The front feet
may be straight or may turn out slightly; the hind feet, however,
should definitely point outward.

The gait of the Bulldog should seem loose-jointed and shuffling.  This
sideways movement is peculiar to the Bulldog and is called the
“roll”.  This action must be free and vigorous.  


The Bulldog neck is short, thick, and strong; it is well arched at the
back.  The skin should be soft and loose all over the Bulldog, but
especially so at the head, neck, and shoulders.  The head and face
are to be covered with heavy wrinkles; at the throat, from jaw to
chest, there should be two loose folds which form the dewlap.  

The skull should be large; in circumference, in front of the ears, it
should be measure at least the height of the dog at the shoulders.  
From the front, the skull should appear broad and square; from the
side it should appear very high and very short from the point of the
nose to the occiput.  The forehead should be flat and not too
prominent.  Cheeks should be well rounded; they should protrude
outward and sideways beyond the eyes.  The temples should be well
defined and square, creating a groove between the eyes.  This
groove (or stop) should be broad and deep, extending up the middle
of the forehead to the top of the skull.

The eyes should be situated low in the skull, as far from the ears as
possible the corners should be in a straight line at right angles with
the stop.  The eyes should be round, of moderate size, and dark in
color.  They should be neither sunken nor bulging.  The eyelid should
not show any haw.  

Bulldog ears are set high in the head, as far from the eyes as
possible, and are placed far apart.  They are small and thin, and the
“rose ear” shape is most desirable.  The ears should not be carried
erect, nor buttoned or prick-eared, and they should never be
cropped.  

The face of the Bulldog should be extremely short, with a short and
broad muzzle.  The nose should be large, broad, and black its tip is
set back deeply between the eyes.  Nostrils should be large, wide,
and black, with a well-defined line between them.  The Bulldog nose
should always be black; a brown or liver nose disqualifies.  The
chops (or flews) should be thick, broad, and deep, completely
overhanging the lower jaw on each side.  They join the lower lip in
front and cover the teeth, which would scarcely be noticeable when
the mouth is closed.  Jaws are massive, broad, square, and
undershot ( the lower jaw projects considerably in front of the upper
jaw and turns upward).  The teeth should be large and strong; the
canines are wide apart, and the six small teeth in front, between the
canines, are in an even row.  

The Bulldog coat should be straight, short, and flat; it has a fine
texture and is smooth and glossy.  It has no fringe, feather, or curl.  
The coat color should be uniform and brilliant.  The colors are
preferred in this order:  red brindle; all other brindles; solid white;
solid red, fawn, or fallow; piebald; inferior qualities of any preceding
coat color (e.g., a perfect piebald is preferable to muddy brindle or
poor solid color).  Solid black is undesirable, but is not so
objectionable if it occurs to a moderate degree in piebald patches.  
Brindles should have fine, even distribution of the composite colors.  
In solids and brindles, a small white patch on the chest is not
considered detrimental.  In piebalds, color patches should be well
defined, of pure color, and should be distributed symmetrically.  

The Bulldog tail may be straight or screwed (but never curved or
curly); it must be short, hung low with a downward carriage, and
must have a thick root and fine tip.  The straight tail should be
cylindrical and should be tapered uniformly.  The screwed tail should
have well-defined bends or kinks; these may be abrupt or knotty, but
no portion should be elevated above the base or root.